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Who Creates Wealth?

By Dr. Frank Crane

Labor is fond of saying that all Wealth is created by it.

Capital replies that Labor never creates a dollar's worth of Wealth except when financed by Capital. Capital is the true begetter of Wealth, it claims.

They are both mistaken.

It is Brains that create Wealth. Some fellow with Brains reaches out into empty space and fetches an Idea back "out of the Everywhere into the Here."

And then it isn't any time before the Idea enlists the services of Capital and Labor and produces Wealth.

The true and only Creator of that Wealth is the Man behind the Brains.

The other night they gave a dinner to Thomas Alva Edison to cele- brate forty years of use of Electric Light.

Edison created Electric Light. It was a product of his Brains. It was an Idea, a mighty good Idea. Forty years ago said Idea put Capital and Labor to work.

And now, where there was nothing, there is wealth, in the form of lighting business throughout the country, Wealth amounting to four and a quarter billion dollars.

Labor and Capital don't create Wealth. They only think so. Their job is to take orders from the Boy with Ideas!

Here is a list of people who actually created Wealth, and they were neither laborers nor capitalists:

The man who invented blotting paper by accidentally discovering that unsized paper was better than sand for drying ink.

The man who invented waterproof cloth by trying to wash out the wrong dye with alum, and then several days afterwards trying to wash the cloth again and finding out he could not even wet it.

The man who discovered the use of soft glue for making printers' inking rollers.

The man who discovered lithography.

The printer's wife who found that oily ink would float on water and so discovered marbling by dipping the paper in it.

The man who thought of putting the hump in the hairpin.

And the man who thought of pointing the ordinary wood screw.

Thought is the only creator of anything. Both Capital and Labor are hired servants.

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CONTENTS

Portrait of Sarah Ahlstrom Nelson Frontispiece

Abraham Lincoln (Prize Poem) By Sarah Ahlstrom Nelson 3

Social Work By Amy Brown Lyman . . 4

Summer Camps of the Y. L. M. I. A By Rosetta W. Bennett 9

The Relef Society Social Service Department By Genevieve Thornton 13

The L. D. S. Children's Hospital By Vera P. Walquist 18

The Neighborhood House By Ellen Taylor 27

Alberta Carries Health to its Children By Frank Steele 31

Municipal Hospitals in Alberta, Canada By Dora H. Jacobs 32

If By Else E. Barrett 33

What the Social Service Institute Means to Us By Laura A. Watkins 34

A Hidden Opportunity By Rose Ellen B. Valentine 37

Notes to the Field 42

Notes from the Field 44

Editorial— 1931 Welcome 47

Whitehouse Conference on Childhood Health and Protection 48

One Hundred Years 50

Lesson Department 51

Solitude ) 64

She Never Refused to Sing (Poem) By Linda S. Fletcher 66

Procrastination ( Poem) By ALce Morrill 66

Conventions and Conferences 67

Reality

By Linda S. Fletcher

Beloved, the world seems eclipsed, drear,

Since you are gone who, as my soul, was near;

The days drag by, dull, leaden things,

Flight is so slow on bruis'ed wings.

I steel myself 'gainst thoughts of thee,

Their poignant sweetness not for me,

Yet, when the night comes floating in,

All of the joys that might have been

Are mine, beloved, for conscious will,

When slumber comes, is placid, still.

I feel your dear arms once again,

Forgotten, each heart-bruising pain.

Welcone the last long sleep will be,

For then, f ore'ver, I'll be with thee !

SARAH AHLSTROM NELSON

THE

Relief Society Magazine

Vol. XVIII

JANUARY, 1931

No. 1

~ii ii ii ii ii ii ii ii ii ii H-

■'i i i n ii ii ii^^n^^H^—

Abraham Lincoln

Poem awarded first prize in the Eliza Roxey Snow Poetry Contest

By Sarah Ahlstrom Nelson

First he was yours, Kentucky,

You were honored by his birth,

Though little you recked of his future

And little you dreamed of his worth,

For humble and mean as the stable

Was the cabin that sheltered his head,

And lowly and poor as /the manger

Was the pallet he used for a bed.

While hunger and hardship and sorrow

Were his constant companions in youth,

With his gaze toward a distant tomorrow

His feet kept the pathway of truth;

And though it was rugged and thorny,

That trail winding over the hill,

Never once did he falter or turn from the task

That he felt was his own to fulfill.

So he climbed to the heights, Kentucky,

With the flag of the nation unfurled,

Achieving the glory of deathless fame

In the citizenry of the world.

Social Work

(Historical Sketch) By Amy Brown Lyman

THE practice of giving aid to the poor is probably as old as society itself. Traces of Charity work are to be found among all the peoples of antiquity, and beggars have been known to all literature. The Chinese, long be- fore Christ, established refuges for the aged and poor sick; Buddha taught that it was a duty of society to alleviate the pains and miseries of human life; the ancient Greeks and Romans contributed money lib- erally for the care of the poor.

The motives which prompt char- itable deeds have not always been the highest. The desire to help an- other for his own sake has often been supplemented by and in some cases substituted by a desire upon the part of the giver to gain favor and reward for himself or to pre- vent bad luck or disaster which he feared might follow refusal. Such ideas were rather prevalent in an- cient times, as the following quota- tions indicate: "The riches of an infinite God will be bestowed upon him who relieves the poor;" "The house that does not open to the poor shall open to the physician."

With the ancient Jews it was a religious duty to care for their needy. The Jewish law made char- ity an obligation. The well-to-do were even assessed for the benefit of the poor. Especial attention was given to the rearing of orphans which was regarded as the highest form of charity. It was considered a privilege rather than an act of charity to become foster parents to destitute orphan children.

THE teachings of the Savior put philanthropy upon a higher plane than it had reached before. All life was purified and elevated through Him. New ideals and new standards of conduct were intro- duced into every phase of human relations. When Christ said : "Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind, and thy neighbor as thyself," and when he gave, by way of further explanation of this idea, the parable of the Good Samaritan, he introduced new incentives into charitable endeavor brotherly love and human sympathy.

During the brief period of Christ's time and immediately thereafter, the new Christian groups which were organized into small assemblies or churches, practiced ithe voluntary charity which had been introduced by the Savior. This method of spontaneous mutual aid prevailed among them generally until the time of Constantine, when the church in its changed condition arose to great and unprecedented power, and be- came the state religion of the Roman Empire.

DURING the Middle Ages, char- ity degenerated to a great ex- tent into alms-giving for the benefit of the giver. The religious merit of almsgiving was so emphasized that the particular needs of the poor were secondary. Outside of the work done by the Jews for their own people, and the alms given personally by wealthy individuals,

SOCIAL WORK

the great Roman Church was prac- tically the only agency for the ad- ministration of relief. The methods of helping were through indiscrim- inate almsgiving at the doors of the monasteries where the poor gathered in hordes asking for help, and through two types of institutions es- tablished in connection with the monasteries one, hospitals for the poor sick, the other, similar institu- tions for the care of the aged, or- phans and widows. At church doors and in other public places there was also begging. Although the churches made great effort to dis- courage it, begging became quite general everywhere, and finally got beyond control. It was apparent to churchmen themselves that the indiscriminate almsgiving at the monasteries and similar medieval in- stitutions was failing as a means of caring for the poor and was con- tributing to professional beggary.

Due to the idea which was preva- lent that "alms have power to ex- piate sin," people gave large sums to church charity thus seeking for- giveness of their sins. And so be- gan the sale of indulgences author- ized by the popes and church coun- cils. It was not uncommon for hospital authorities to sell forgive- ness of sins for donations to their respective institutions. In spite of the weakness of ecclesiastical char- ities of the Middle Ages, the fact remains that the Catholic Church did a stupendous work in alleviating physical pain and distress which would never have been accomplished but for its influence. And further- more the Church stimulated and cul- tivated a general spirit of helpful- ness.

REALIZING that dependents were constantly on the in- crease, and feeling that the eccle- siastical agencies had not succeeded

in handling charity, the state finally interfered. In practically all of the European countries, serious efforts were made first to eliminate begging by severely punishing beggars, and when this failed the work was taken over by the state. In Scandinavia, this occurred at an early period ; in England, at the time of the Re- formation, when the monasteries were dissolved by Henry VIII ; in France, at the time of the Revolu- tion; and in Switzerland and Ger- many following the Reformation.

After the state took over the charity work, however, there was very little improvement for a long time. The development of public relief in the various countries was a slow process. England, with her Poor Laws designed to regulate and systematize public relief, led all other countries, and her system has influenced social work in America more than that of any other country.

THE beginning of the English Poor Laws was in 1536, when it was decreed that begging must go ; that the poor were to remain in their own districts, and be helped by the local authorities; that poor funds were to be raised by collec- tion of alms in the "common boxes" of the churches ; that straying in- digents were to be whipped and sent to their own parishes. Later the parish was required to furnish work to able-bodied persons in need. The law was supplemented from time to time and finally, in 1601, the various provisions relating to the poor were brought together (into what seemed a model law. Among other things, it divided the poor into three classes able-bodied, those unable to work, and children all of whom were to be treated according to their needs. A tax system was levied on property to increase the inadequate funds. In

RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE

1834 the law was further supple- mented and developed, and authori- ty was concentrated in a national department. It has since been amended from time to time.

The Poor Law was enforced rig- idly in some localities and indiffer- ently in others, thus failing to meet the needs. The system was a great step forward nevertheless. It un- dertook to organize and systematize relief giving, it contributed the idea of national responsibility in relief work, and finally it has seemed to recognize the inadequacy of mere charity and the necessity of pre- ventive work.

THE next advancement was the movement for the organization of charity which began in Germany and England about the same time. It came as a protest to the grave abuse of charitable relief then ob- taining. In Hamburg, a free city which was wealthy and over-run by beggars, there was a reorganization of relief work in 1788, and later, in 1852, the plan was modified and adopted in Elberfeldt. There was a central bureau of charity to super- vise all charitable work. The city was divided into precincts with a superintendent for each, and the precincts divided into districts, with a visitor for each. The poor were classified and the duties of the vis- itors were similar to those of the modern family visitor.

IN 1869 the London Charity Or- ganization Society, a private agency, was organized. It was the climax of charitable endeavor, and has been a pattern for such or- ganization in America. Its object was to organize and coordinate re- lief, and to study causes of poverty and develop all possible substitutes for relief giving. There were in London at that time numerous or-

ganizations working independently and duplicating one another's work ; clever people were getting help from a number of sources while the back- ward and perhaps more needy were overlooked, and there was indis- criminate alms-giving on every hand. The movement was inaug- urated by a group of church and university men and some forward looking workers in the field of social reform. Among the policies of the society were : correlation of the work of agencies, district conferences, and case-work methods the latter em- bracing the study and treatment of each individual or family as an in- dividual problem. The Charity Or- ganization Movement later spread to America. The first of such or- ganizations here was the Buffalo, New York Society founded in 1877.

IN the United States in early times each case of need was considered and provided for individually by town or county officials. Later, there was a system of out-door relief supplemented by the estab- lishment of alms-houses where at first all classes of needy individuals were placed, including tramps, de- pendent aged and children, insane, feeble-minded, blind, deaf, confine- ment cases, etc.

BY the end of the 19th century, however, the country had wit- nessed many changes for the better. A number of institutions and agencies had been established to meet the special needs of the differ- ently handicapped, and charity or- ganization societies had taught su- perior methods of dealing with in- dividual cases in distress and of handling out-door relief. Private institutions including both Church and non-sectarian agencies had come into existence supplementing the work of the tax supported public

SOCIAL WORK

agencies. A wave of humanitarian sympathy and scientific inquiry had spread over the country creating a new interest in human beings. There were also social and economic changes including the rise of the middle classes the working people who set about to improve their condition through legislative action, being assisted by social minded in- dividuals. Attention was given by them to the protection of health, medical service, sanitation of fac- tories, compensation for accidents, provision of regular employment with shorter hours and better wages, child care including education and recreation.

IN the present century attention has been focused upon preven- tion, the idea being that prevention is better than relief. The failure of the old-fashioned charity was no doubt due to the fact that it was merely palliative, paying atten- tion only to those already in trou- ble. Welfare work today calls for the getting to the very roots of trouble and sparing nothing which may be involved in the process, pre- venting a recurrence of those con- ditions which cause distress, and giving people an opportunity for normal life. The steps are first, curative relieving those already in distress and destitution ; secondly, preventive guarding against the recurrence of conditions which cause distress and poverty, and thirdly, constructive putting forth effort to raise human life to its highest level.

Many people today believe that all welfare work should be done by public agencies supported 'by taxation, and that private agencies are not needed. Others favor a combination of both, maintaining that the private agencies are neces- sary to lead the way and set the

standards. There are still others who claim that the type of work clone is more important than the type of agency under which it is done.

AMONG the agencies organized in the United States in the 19th century is our own L. D. S. Relief Society founded in 1842, a private church agency auxiliary to the L. D. S. Church. Its life of eighty-eight years has covered the most interesting period in the whole history and development of social work. The Relief Society was or- ganized for spiritual, educational, and philanthropic purposes and functions under the direction of the presiding and local bishops in whom is vested the responsibility for the charity work of the Church. It is a great outdoor relief agency with 1665 local organizations, in each of which is a department of charity and health.

In each local organization the Re- lief Society president has charge of the charity and health work, this being one of her most important duties. Where necessary she calls to her assistance a worker or aid especially designated for this work. She cooperates closely with the bishop of the ward and works under his direction. In addition to a regular monthly conference of the bishopric and Relief Society presi- dency there is constant communica- tion and consultation between them. To the Relief ^Society has »been given the special work of family investigation and family planning, the final disposition being usually a joint decision. The Relief So- ciety president also coperates with the county and any other agency interested in the family being helped. The district visiting teachers or friendly visitors visit all the families of the Church monthly,

8

RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE

irrespective of their needs or social status and receive funds from them which are contributed for relief pur- poses. It is the policy of the L. D. S. Church to have its charity work administered by volunteer workers, the only exception being the work done under the direction of the General Board in the Social Service Department at Relief Soci- ety Headquarters in Salt Lake City, a case working agency which super- vises and supplements the regular work of the Society in the city and provides a laboratory for experi- mental and training purposes.

For a number of years the Socie- ty has been working constantly to improve its methods of welfare work. It has no blanket plan of caring for the needy, but aims to treat individuals according to their individual needs, aiming as far as possible, to meet the requirements set 'by standardized social case- working agencies.

In addition to its welfare work, the Relief Society has a second well-estsablished department which cooperates closely with the welfare department. . jit is the education department with a uniform course of study for the benefit of mem- biers. These two departments education and welfare react most favorably and beneficially upon each other to the great advantage of the organization gen- erally. The education department features, among other subjects, studies in social welfare which stim- ulate and create interest in the actu- al projects in welfare work and social reform which the Society is

sponsoring; while the various local workers who are dealing with the actual problems in turn vitalize and stimulate the class work.

Because /of its comprehensive organization and methods of co- operation, the Relief Society is well- fitted for community work, and in addition to its special mission of caring for the poor and sick it has, from the beginning, fostered any and all movements which have had for their object the improvement of civic conditions and the develop- ment of community life. It has worked among other things for wo- man suffrage, for educational pro- jects, pure water supplies, sanitation and for social legislation.

In the objects, aims and standards of its welfare work the Relief So- ciety is striving to meet the national standards for such work. It believes in organized relief, and has from the beginning discouraged indis- criminate individual giving. It is making every effort to improve it's curative work by giving training to its volunteer workers. It has always stood for preventive work, its program of prevention and social reform going hand in hand with its curative and corrective work.

Its combined program of educa- tion, service and religion, is com- prehensive and constructive, de- signed to help those in distress, to prevent social ills, to provide for educational opportunity and religi- ous development and to foster con- structive movements which have for their object wholesome, abundant life for all.

Summer Camps of the Y* L* ML L A.

By Rosetta W . Bennett, Chairman Summer Camp Committee of the

General Board of the Y. L. M.I. A.

THE love of nature and the lure of outdoor life is very greatly developed in the hearts and lives of the Latter-day Saints. Our hearts turn to the Sacred Grove at Palmyra where the boy Prophet sought its seclusion to pour forth the longings of his soul for relief from the spiritual conflict that encompassed him.

It was in the grove at Nauvoo where God manifested to the people His choice of Brigham Young as the true shepherd of the sorely harassed and heart broken people. It was the vision of the sheltered valleys of the mighty Rocky Moun- tains that sustained them and gave them heroic courage to tramp one thousand miles beyond civilization and establish a home in this then desolate country. It was the song and the dance and the game that eased the strain of the journey.

The mountains were friendly and gladly gave of their timber to build houses and make fires ; gave of their fresh sparkling snow-born streams to revive the parched land and swell and develop the treasured seeds committed to the bosom of mother earth with such perfect, compelling faith ; gave of their wild fruits and game to lend variety and cheer to their scanty board ; gave of their flowers and bird-songs to gladden their eyes and hearts ; and gave them glorious promisse for the future.

IT was to lovely Brighton Valley at the top of Big Cottonwood Canyon that Brigham Young led his people in July, 1857, to spend

several days in celebration of the tenth anniversary of their entrance into the valley. There in prayer and speech and feasting, dancing, games or songs, they gave thanks to God for their safe refuge from the violent storms that had beset them so cruelly in the past.

In the city pleasure resorts were laid out that all might have recrea- tion : Calder's Park, Lindsay's Gar- dens, Fuller's Hill, Lake Shore, Black Rock, Garfield on the shore of Salt Lake. These places the children of the Pioneers remember with delight. Here !Bishops of Wards with their entire flock, made yearly pilgrimage. A whole day of unalloyed delight, an organized, supervised day with prayer at be- ginning and close of it, a Brass Band to head the long line of wag- ons and hay-ricks, etc., a bag of candy for every child and every child in the ward there. If it should rain and we couldn't go desolation ! ! Would morning never come so we could don our new dress and hat and shoes, unloose the tightly braided hair and tie on the precious blue or pink ribbon and so adorned fly to the meeting house and wait to be tucked into the straw laden wagon box and at last be on our happy way to swing under the great Cottonwood trees, go boating on the silvery lake, play ball, dance, run races, etc.?

In the fall families went to the mountains, the men to cut logs for firewood, the women to gather wild fruit for winter jam. They slept under the stars beside the singing streams, listened to the murmur of

10

RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE

the trees, the song of the birds and the hum of insects and gazed upon the mighty hills and felt the majesty of earth and sky and knew God was there. In their mountain Retreat God did strengthen their feet and

uplift and power to be clean and true.

AS the people grew in numbers, cities sprang into being, claims of community life multiplied and

A FEW OF THE ATTRACTIVE Y. L. M. I. A. SUMMER CAMPS

gave them power, by the touch of the mountain sod to become a phys- ically strong, healthy people, and by the call of the mrghty mountain peaks gave them moral and spiritual

commerce with the outside world threw wide our gates and our shel- tered retreat became the highway of the westward moving nation. The stress and push brought many

SUMMER CAMPS

11

changes. Mechanical inventions made possible the manufacture of most things that were formerly made in the home. Easy transpor- tation brought them to our doors. The new era brought new responsi- bilities. New adjustments must be made, our hands must learn new occupations. Many boys who worked on farms, women who iformerly were fully occupied in the home, must go out of the accustomled course and find employment in the

became an individual affair largely. Many people built cabins in the mountains and took their families to these cool retreats for a few weeks in the heat of summer. Many could not afford to do this and so lost much benefit and joy.

THINKING people everywhere realized that change and recre- ation must be had and provision made for it if people were to live full, happy lives. Brigham Young

SLEEPING APARTMENT OF FIRST Y. L. M. I. A. CAMP

new mechanical and business world in order to live and develop and keep in the van of Progress. Hours of confinement at machine or desk brought greater physical, nervous and mental strain. Opportunities for better educational and cultural advantages presented themselves and life became more complex and demanding. We could not so easily or frequently or with such freedom enjoy the beauties of our canyons, mountains, lakes, etc. Where wards used to provide for the vacations of the masses of the people it now

taught his people to play as well as to work. He encouraged music, drama, dancing, physical sports for the recreation ^nd relaxation of the people. In later years the Latter- day Saints have made a more con- certed effort to encourage proper recreation among the people and to the M. I. A. have been assigned the special duty of creating and super- vising recreational activities in the Church. The Young Ladies' M. I. A. have instituted a special feature in recreation in the Summer Camp Movement; the idea being to build

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RELIEF SOCIETY MAGAZINE

Summer Camps in the mountains, on lake shores, etc., in places of easy access but away from the high- ways, so that they may be by them- selves and enjoy the outdoor life and carry out their programs with- out restraint other than the rules governing their association. The first organized movement seems to have been among the officers of Liberty Stake in Salt Lake City. Sister Emily H. Higgs, the Presi- dent of Liberty Stake Y. L. M. I. A., in 1912 obtained permission from Brother Godfrey of that Stake to build a little camp on his farm at the mouth of Big Cottonwood Canyon and on the creek or river of that name. Hugh J. Cannon, President of Liberty Stake, entered most heartily into the scheme and with the cooperation of the Priest- hood and the M. I. A. Stake officers and ward associations, the camp was built. A kitchen, a combined screened in dining room, and sleep- ing quarters were built. A swim- ming pool was prepared in a seclud- ed spot on the river bank, a tent pitched for a dressing room and all was ready for the eager girls who drew lots to see which ward should occupy the camp first. Schedules and rules were made, supervision and protection provided and success attended the movement and untold benefit both physical and spiritual followed.

SISTER JENNIE BRIMHALL KjNIGHT, visited the camp and very 'shortly thereafter, with the cooperation of her Stake Priesthood and the M. I. A., opened a camp in Provo Canyon, and not long after Alpine Stake (now including Lehi and Timpanogos Stakes) built "Mu- tual Dell," in American Fork Can- yon. A few years later the General Board, realizing the wisdom of the movement appointed a committee

to consider a summer camp in Brighton, the lovely valley at the head of Big Cottonwood Canyon the place chosen years before by Brigham Young for the tenth cele- bration of the entrance into Salt Lake Valley, July 24. With the aid of members of Y. M. M. I. A. Board, of Salt Lajke Stake, and others, a spot at the extreme end of the Valley behind giant boulders, and upon the mountain side was chosen and dedicated for the build- ing of a Summer Camp for M. I. A. girls. It was dedicated as a place of safety, peace, rest, health and joy, a place where girls might rest and play and refresh themselves in the very heart of nature, in the tops of lofty peaks, on the banks of mountain lakes, in leafy dells and shady paths.

Brother Jesse Knight of Provo owned timber concessions near the site and he generously allowed the committee, for a small consider- ation, to cut the logs for the build- ing. It was erected and later the four Salt Lake City Stakes, Liberty, Salt Lake, Ensign, and Pioneer, took over the project and improved and developed it until it is one of the most beautiful mountain camps in the Church. It is operated upon a thorough business basis and is self-supporting. Thousand of M. I. A. girls and many of their moth- ers, find rest, relaxation and recre- ation under its friendly roof. The Logan Stakes built their lovely home about the same time. Bear Lake, Box Elder and the fou<r, Ogden Stakes followed. Still more recent- ly, Beaver, Maricopa and the Pima Ward of the St. Joseph Stake have erected camps, and others are in prospect with officers all over the Church enthusiastic in their efforts to establish delightful camps for their girls. The Summer Camp

SUMMER CAMPS

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Movement is thoroughly organized. In preparation for the camps we have the following organization:

1. Executive Committee.

2. Light and Building Committee.

3. Finance Committee.

4. Furnishing Committee.

5. Management Committee,

and in the Camps themselves, under the direction of the M. I. A. Stake Officers :

1. A House Mother,

2. A Kitchen Supervisor,

3. A Recreational Leader.

Wards come to camp in organ- ized groups with their own leaders who cooperate with the camp offi- cers. Every girl is welcome, has her place, and is made happy and in turn contributes to the well being

.and happiness of all the others; each one is under the inspiring in- fluence of competent physical and spiritual leaders.

This movement has the support of the Priesthood in fact cannot prosper without it also the support of the mothers of the girls who have been in the camps, and we plead for the support and coopera- tion of all our mothers. Now if our great Mother organization of the Church, the Relief Society, will

join with us in this great move- ment for supervised summer recre- ation, we would indeed be happy. Come and spend summer days with us, your daughters. Great good would come to us for we could gather to ourselves the riches of

PIMOLA SUMMER CAMP, PIMA, ARIZONA

your experience and wisdom and great spiritual strength and the clear vision of your tested faith. You could enjoy in us the renewal of your youth, the ardent enthusiasm of our quest for happiness, and away from the stress and routine of every day affairs, we could be united in heart and purpose and more fully cement our efforts for the building of future noble wo- manhood.

A NATURE STUDY GROUP

The Relief Society Social Service Department

By Genevieve Thornton (Supervisor Social Service Department, 1927-1930)

A PRINCIPLE that has made for the steady growth of the Relief Society is its success in meeting the needs of its people as they arise or as they assume more complex form. One of the most re- cent and perhaps the most interest- ing services to be developed to meet a special need is the Social Service Department maintained at Relief Society headquarters.

This Department has grown out of the need of the Church in a city the size of Salt Lake for a central bureau where wards can bring their knotty problems of families in trouble to specially trained people for help in planning and in the mak- .ing of adjustments. It has also